Just, righteousness and the virtues at Athens

Matthew 1:19 (Douay-Rheims)
“Whereupon Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing publicly to expose her, was minded to put her away privately.”

Mark 6:20
“For Herod feared John, knowing him to be a just and holy man: and kept him, and when he heard him, did many things: and he heard him willingly.

Luke 2:25
“And behold there was a man in Jerusalem named Simeon, and this man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Ghost was in him.

The Greek transliteration of ‘just’ in the above passages is dikaios – righteousness.
Righteousness – sedaqa (Hebrew) – dikaiosune and Justice…
Alaisdair MacIntyre ‘After Virtue’ chapter 11 – The virtues at Athens…
“That each part of the soul performs its specific function. The exercise of each specific function is a particular virtue. So the bodily appetites are to accept the retsraint imposed by reason; the virtue of thus exhibited is sophrosune. That high spirited virtue which responds to the challenge of danger, when it responds as reason bids it, exhibits itself as courage , andreia. Reason itself, when it has been disciplined by mathematical and dialectical enquiry , so that it is able to discern what justice itself is , what beauty itself is and above all the other forms what the form of the Good is, exhibits its own specific virtue of sophia, wisdom. These three virtues can only be exhibited when a fourth virtue of dikaiosune, is also exhibited; for dikaiosune – which, on Plato’s account, is very different from any of our modern concepts of justice, although ‘justice’ is the translation used by almost all of Plato’s translators – is precisely the virtue of allocating each part of the soul its particular function and no other.”

Hebrews 5:1-6
So also Christ did not exalt himself to be made a high priest, but was appointed by him who said to him,
“You are my Son,
today I have begotten you”;
as he says also in another place,
“You are a priest forever,
after the order of Melchizedek.”


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